• Scaling

    The major cause of both caries and periodontal disease is plaque - an invisible film comprising bacteria and food particles that stick to the surface of the tooth. These organisms feed on sugars and produce acids and other harmful by-products which attack the teeth and gums.

    Neglected plaque hardens into tartar (calculus) in as little as 12 hours.
    Tartar is hard to remove with a toothbrush and floss so a more rigorous procedure known as scaling is required.

    Scaling not only removes plaque and tartar but also smoothes the surface of the teeth making it harder for the bacteria to get a foothold. Plus it makes your teeth feel wonderfully smooth and clean.

    Scaling is a multistage process. It usually starts of with the use of an ultrasonic device which uses vibration to dislodge the plaque both above and below the gum line. The loosened debris is continually washed away.

    Ultrasonics is then followed by manual cleaning with scalers and curettes to remove any remaining deposits. The procedure is followed by a polishing to make the teeth shine.

    Here at our London Ontario dental practice we recommend scaling and polishing every six months along with your regular check up.